Limited Edition Photography Buying Information
If you are new to buying limited edition photography, you probably have a few questions.
- What is to know about signatures?
- What are impressions, the edition, and proofs?
- What are archival materials?
This guide introduces each of these topics and explains various possibilities you may encounter when examining a range of artists. A summary of what to expect from the photography of A K Nicholas is at the end.
Is it Signed by the Artist?
Not all signatures are the same! Look for photography that bears the artist's signature on the artwork. A statement in the art listing will mention that the artwork is signed by the artist. This means the artist was personally involved in the creation and approved the photograph.
The signature can be located on the front, visible after framing, or the back (also called a verso signature.) This signature may be in the margin or over the image area, which may affect how you perceive the completed presentation.
Take note of the phrases signed by artist's estate (or family) these are not the same as being signed by the artist.
A signed certificate of authenticity may be signed by the artist or another person. A certificate of authenticity is a separate document and is not the same as a signed artwork. A signed certificate accompanying an unsigned artwork usually means the certificate was pre-signed and the artwork was simply licensed for production.
The artist's signature attests that what you are buying is their artistic vision and not part of a mass-marketed product.
How Many Impressions and Edition are there?
Each photograph is called an impression. A series of such photographs in a particular size, in their entirety, is an edition.
Since each edition is limited, they are numbered to indicate the impression number and the size of the edition. For example, 1/10 (first of ten). It is preferable for photographs to be hand numbered by the artist. Some photographs may be produced without the artist being present and numbered by another person or mechanically numbered on the front, back, or an accompanying card or certificate.
Some photographers produce the same image in multiple sizes. There is nothing unethical about this, but it complicates determining the total number of impression, as each size is numbered as a separate edition. The total number of impressions across all editions determines the rarity of the image and in turn it's relative value. The fewer total impressions, the more desirable to collectors.
Many serious collectors steer clear of large editions, those with more than 150 total impressions. Large multiples can be a sign of low artist involvement or a shallow total body of work.
Take note of any proofs. It is a normal and accepted practice to make a small quantity of unnumbered proofs for the artist, printer, or others. These are not part of the initial offer to the public. Artists proofs are marked A/P. You might also see hors commerce (H/C) and printer's proofs (P/P). All are part of the edition and should not be in significant quantity.
When an artist produces a limited edition, there is an implicit promise (and in many cases legal obligation) that all sizes and proofs must be disclosed in marketing materials and that no more editions will ever be made.
Is it Archival?
When it comes to contemporary photography, archival is a relative word. The consensus among most paper and ink manufacturers is that the colors must be stable for at least 100 years. Fortunately, most photographs use archival printing.
Archival printing includes pigmented ink (not dye based inks found in consumer printers.) Archival paper is acid free and does not contain any optical brighteners that are found in consumer-grade stock. This paper is thicker and more expensive to manufacture.
What Else to Know
Certificate of Authenticity
A certificate of authenticity accompanies most limited edition photography. Various states in the USA require this document to state how many impressions, including proofs, exist in the edition, and if any other editions of the same image have been made. Although it is preferable that the certificate be signed by the artist, some are signed by the printer, the seller, or some other person. The latter is often the case in mass-marketed editions, where the artist is not involved with the final production.
If you see the words open edition, you are not looking at a limited edition. An open edition is, in essence, unlimited.
Summary of A K Nicholas’ Photography
The limited edition photography of A K Nicholas is:
- Signed on the front, in lower right margin, by the artist
- Hand signed and numbered by the artist
- Personally inspected by the artist
- Archival, using pigmented ink on acid-free, 100% cotton, fine art paper (Breathing Color Pura Smooth)
- Include a certificate of authenticity, signed by the artist
- Typically issued in a single size per image
- Typically does not include any proofs (any would be clearly stated)